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  • 11 Jan 2012
  • Commonwealth Observer Group
  • Pages: 44
The Report of the Commonwealth Observer Group for the Zambia General Elections. The Group was led by former Nigeria Head of State, General Yakubu Gowon, and comprised 12 eminent persons in total.
By exploring the ways that teachers and pupils can help to improve classroom practices this book shows how education planners and practitioners can effect improvements in schools even in situations of very scarce resources. Although the book focuses ...
  • 01 Jan 1992
  • Commonwealth Observer Group
  • Pages: 62
These Election Reports are the observations, conclusions and recommendations of Commonwealth Observer Groups. The SecretaryGeneral constitutes these observer missions at the request of governments and with the agreement of all significant political...
At the invitation of the President of Zambia, the Commonwealth Secretary-General, Mr Kamalesh Sharma, constituted an Observer Group for the 20 September 2011 General Elections. In line with usual practice, the Secretary-General sent an Assessment...
The Commonwealth Observer Group has been present in Zambia since 13 September 2011. During this period we met with the Electoral Commission of Zambia (ECZ), representatives of political parties, civil society, media, Commonwealth High Commissions as...
On Tuesday 20 September 2011 elections took place across Zambia for the President, National Assembly and local councils. There were 6,546 polling stations, incorporating 9,022 polling streams. Polling stations were either single stream or...
In accordance with the official election timetable issued by the Electoral Commission of Zambia on 3 August 2011, the official campaigns for the General Elections commenced on 29 July 2011 and concluded at 06.00 on 18 September 2011. The introduction...
The Commonwealth Secretary-General, Mr. Kamalesh Sharma, constituted an Observer Group for the 2011 Zambia General Elections following an invitation from the President of Zambia. It is my honour and privilege to have been asked to lead the Group and...
The 20 September 2011 elections in Zambia were the country’s 5th multi-party elections and despite some shortcomings represent further progress for the country in strengthening its democratic processes. Many of the benchmarks for democratic elections...
The early inhabitants of modern day Zambia were the San, who were hunter-gatherers. In the 15th century, the Bantu or Tonga migrated from the North. The 16-19th century saw the emergence of organised kingdoms, including the Kazembe (North), Bemba...
Executive power in Zambia rests with the President, who is the Head of State, Head of Government and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is elected for a five-year term and can serve a maximum of two terms in office. The President...
This chapter considers how tax policy and administration reforms have helped to improve public expenditure management in Zambia. In particular it focuses on revenue administration as an important aspect of public expenditure management and shows how...
Zambia gained independence from British colonial rule in 1964. In that year, the Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) in primary schools was estimated at about 58 per cent. Between then and 2004, 40 years, the population grew by a factor of three from 3.7 ...
Improving the quality of teaching at secondary school level has been and continues to be a major concern for public sector education authorities, teacher educators and trainers, and teachers’ professional organisations, as well as for secondary...
The two general tasks that were concluded from the previous chapter were: first, understanding the processes through which constraints resulting from economic and political policies seem to be undermining the quality of achievement in Zambian...
This book focuses on the teaching and learning of secondary English in Zambian classrooms and examines two main issues, which stem from a synthesis of previous research findings and arguments on the state of Zambian education. The evidence of these...
This chapter focuses on the fieldwork carried out by the author1 , and in particular relies on the views and possible ways forward offered by pupils and teachers as part of that study. In so doing, it aims to discuss some ways of improving the...
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