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Part 2 has provided a shortlist of relatively costeffective and efficient food security policies that might be affected by multilateral agricultural policy. Part 3 examines the evidence of whether such an effect has been felt as a result of the URAA...
The purpose of this paper is to inquire whether Commonwealth states need any assistance, and if so what kind of assistance, in addressing the legal issues presented by the collection of multilateral and plurilateral agreements which comprises the...
The Uruguay Round agreements and the accession of Mexico to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) will significantly transform the trade policy framework in which Commonwealth Caribbean countries will operate over the next decade. It will...
The Uruguay Round agreements together with some important regional developments in recent years will significantly transform the trade policy framework in which Commonwealth developing countries will operate over the next decade. It will offer them...
The Uruguay Round (UR) was the most ambitious and complex of all the post-war multilateral trade negotiations of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). In excess of one hundred contracting parties negotiated across fifteen negotiating...
The Uruguay Round is rightly regarded as having been the most ambitious, and most difficult, of all of the GATT Rounds so far. It may also turn out to be the last. The Agreement was seven years in the making, at the end of which the negotiators...
Table 1 sets out the UR negotiating groups and their agenda items. In all there were fifteen groups, though in the latter stages of the Round this was slimmed down to eight negotiating areas in an attempt to make trade-offs more transparent. The...
The Uruguay Round agreement was actively supported by the developing world to further develop the rules governing international trade; in particular the developing world will gain from improved market access, for greater security against arbitrary...
The Mid-term Review of Lomé IV is in progress as this is being written. Some detailed proposals concerning preferences were included in a report written for the ACP Secretariat to assist in the negotiations, and which, in a modified version, is to be...
History will record the Uruguay Round as the most ambitious of all the post-war Rounds. Indeed, it may record a judgement of over-ambition. It is easy to see the Round as essentially a bilateral struggle between the US and EU, with most friction...
Most of the analysis pertaining to the UR has focused on changes in market access and any associated quantitative effects. This is understandable given the desire of commentators and analysts to give some ‘precision’, however spurious, to the...
Details are given for net balances in overall services and the transport and travel components. Details are given for net balances in overall services and the transport and travel components. The positive balances on the travel account are largely...
The Uruguay Round (UR) finally reached a conclusion – at least insofar as most negotiating groups were concerned – at Marrakesh in April 1994. The agreement was ratified by a sufficient number of the legislatures of the participating countries that...
The calculations presented earlier have estimated the static effects of changes in tariffs and non-tariff barriers, including regulatory barriers. In reality, the so-called dynamic effects may be just as important – indeed a common practice among...
Having set out the commitments made in the Uruguay Round, we now need to evaluate their consequences for market access. We do this in two stages: first an assessment of the implications for developing countries overall; second an assessment for...
Protection of their domestic farmers by the western industrialised countries has resulted in major distortions in the world markets for temperate agricultural products – meat, dairy products and cereals. Because they are competitive with goods...
A number of the agreements in the Uruguay Round relate to issues that have not previously been covered by GATT Rounds. Since the areas covered by these agreements are of particular relevance to developing countries, in terms of the relative incidence...
While, under the UR agreement, the reductions in tariff barriers are substantial, in many sectors the developing countries enjoy preferential access under GSP, and these MFN tariff reductions will actually erode their margins of preference. As...
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