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This issue of Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics examines the evolution of the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (the TPP) and the implications for Commonwealth developing countries that are excluded from its arrangements.
Over the last several decades, the United Kingdom (UK) has seen steady progress on the situation of women in economic activities. Women hold key positions as both workers and consumers, and there are currently more women in the workforce than ever...
This chapter presents the intergovernmental transfer structure in the United Kingdom (UK) in order to draw lessons for developing countries. It also provides an overview of the decentralisation framework and finances to the four countries in the UK.
Participatory budgeting is, in brief, local people deciding how to allocate part of a public budget. A longer definition that has been officially recognised in the UK is: ‘Participatory budgeting directly involves local people in making decisions on...
Local government in England has a long history. Its origins go back to the royal charters given to some boroughs in the middle ages and to the role of the church in caring for the poor within their parishes. Elected local government developed during ...
These lines were written over 100 years ago by the Ulster poet William Allingham; while they do not tell the whole story, they capture something fundamental about past and present divisions in Northern Ireland. They tell us something also about the...
The United Kingdom has become as high tech as North America. This impression comes when it is analysed from the perspective of the numbers of people on-line (nearly 50% of the population as of February, 2000). But the United Kingdom initiatives and...
In this paper I shall discuss the impact of the European Convention on Human Rights on the law of England. I do so because the European Convention has been far and away the most influential international human rights text in English law, save (in...
Since 1975, the Commonwealth Secretariat, through its Management and Training Services Division, (formerly the Management Development Programme) has been providing extensive assistance to Commonwealth governments confronting the challenge of securing...
Policy analysis, evaluation and appraisal are closely inter-linked. Policy evaluation is the process of examining a policy while it is in operation or after it has come to an end. It follows naturally from the policy appraisal which is the term...
Internal audit is responsible for the systematic and independent review and appraisal of accounting, financial and other management systems. In the U.K. there is no statutory obligation for government departments to maintain an internal audit service...
Public Reporting is taken to be synonymous with open government - the extent to which governments report to the public at large details of policy, performance and information held.
The United Kingdom's Efficiency Unit, reporting to the Prime Minister's Adviser on Efficiency and Effectiveness, was created in 1979. The role of the Unit is to advise on how to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of central government and to...
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