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Official development assistance (ODA) has been a major source of external finance since the 1970s in least developed countries (LDCs). Aid, as a share of their gross domestic product (GDP), has increased significantly since then. Developed countries...
The Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA) lists two key goals in the priority area of trade: first, to increase least developed countries’ (LDCs) exports significantly with a view to doubling their share of world exports by 2020; and, second, to ‘make...
Domestic resource mobilisation, broadly, refers to creation of savings from domestic sources and dynamically channelling these resources towards productive investments. It is maintained that the level of domestic resource mobilisation parallels the...
The Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (UN LDC IV) took place against a backdrop of lacklustre performance of this group of countries over the last four decades (Bhattacharya and Hossain 2011a). Prior to the conference,...
This chapter is a first attempt to monitor the actions of development partners – whether unilaterally or jointly with least developed countries (LDCs). In doing so, the chapter examines recent trends in LDCs’ agricultural and rural development, with...
The United Nations (UN) Least Developed Country (LDC) Conference in 2011 adopted the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA) to be implemented by LDCs and development partners (which include traditional donors and emerging developing countries) to...
The climate change issue is briefly considered in Section IV. Priority areas for action, F. Multiple crises and other emerging challenges of the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA). In section F, climate change is examined along with environmental...
The publications here, titled Istanbul Programme of Action for the LDCs (2011– 2020): Monitoring Deliverables, Tracking Progress – Synthesis Report and Analytical Perspectives, are a set of unique documents in terms of the process underpinning its...
In view of rising migration from the least developed countries (LDCs) in recent years (UNDESA 2012), remittance flows have emerged as a major source of foreign exchange earnings for a number of the LDCs. In appreciation of this, many LDCs have...
This chapter provides the first systematic examination of the graduation trends and prospects after the Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (UN LDC IV) and the adoption of the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA). A major...
The objective of this chapter is to set out the main challenges that infrastructure (transport, telecommunication, energy, and water and sanitation) poses to foster equitable and sustainable development in least developed countries (LDCs). It...
This chapter discusses Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA)-related issues with regard to foreign direct investment (FDI) in two aspects. First, it highlights issues related to enhancing FDI flow in least developed economies (LDCs). Second, it...
Many least developed countries (LDCs) depend heavily on commodity production and trade for the generation of employment, income, savings and foreign exchange. This implies that a ‘successful’ commodity sector is a prerequisite for graduation from the...
The Rome Statute established and governs the International Criminal Court (ICC), which sits in The Hague, Netherlands.
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