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The EU’s Everything but Arms (EBA) initiative provides preferential access to the EU for least developed countries’ (LDCs) agricultural exports. This involves unrestricted duty-free access for most of these products, though in the case of a few...
This issue of Trade Hot Topics examines the wine negotiations between the European Communities and the United States. The bilateral wine talks commenced in 1999, in response to US concerns over EU requirements on winemaking standards. This paper...
The reform of the EU’s export subsidy arrangements offers challenges for policy-makers in developing countries. This issue of Trade Hot Topics examines EU farm subsidies relating to the interests of developing countries. It looks at agricultural...
This issue of Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics uses a case study of Kenya to illustrate some of the broader implications of the European Union Generalised System of Preferences (EU GSP) regime changes, which may also have relevance for other African,...
To the surprise of those countries in Africa and the Pacific that had been enjoying Duty Free Quota Free (DFQF) access to Europe while still negotiating EPAs, the European Commission on 30 September 2011 adopted a proposal recommending to the EU...
In November of 2001 the WTO Ministerial Conference agreed to launch a new round of global trade talks. This issue of Trade Hot Topics examines the EU/US framework for World Trade Organization (WTO) agriculture negotiations. It looks at market access,...
The concerns of developing country exporters, that eco-labelling schemes could be a disguised form of protectionist trade policy used to support domestic industries in the countries that implement them, could emanate from the fact that there is no...
Eco-labelling is a process used to inform the consumer of the environmental characteristics of a good or service. To-date over thirty countries have passed legislation and instituted eco-labelling programmes and there are presently more than sixty...
This issue of Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics examines aspects of investment provisions being considered as part of two mega-regional arrangements – the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) – and...
This issue of Trade Hot Topics discusses some of the main issues that countries need to consider while negotiating trade in services, and interpreting commitments on trade in services, in view of rapid technological evolution.
Very slow progress has been made in multilateral trade negotiations since the initiation of the Doha Development Round in November 2001. Responding to this, the 10th Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization in Nairobi has the potential of...
This issue of Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics offers some preliminary food for thought for those involved in on-going discussions regarding what the UK could do for LDCs on trade in services post-Brexit.
This Discussion Paper makes a case for government support to promote services trade. This is an area that has traditionally been left to the private sector; a model widely practiced in richer countries where the services sector is strong. Services...
This paper analyses the responsiveness of Commonwealth tourism, remittances and aid to changes in UK macroeconomic indicators, in particular, to UK GDP and the UK exchange rate, using a panel data gravity model approach. It finds a negligible impact...
This paper studies the evolution of the Commonwealth trade network and considers the interrelationship between Commonwealth member countries and other important players in the global economy, and intra-Commonwealth country trade flows. Rich trade...
This study assembles data on bilateral goods and services trade flows for 242 countries over the period 1995–2010 and uses both descriptive statistics and sophisticated econometric techniques to understand the nature and structure of...
This issue of Commonwealth Trade Hot Topics outlines a number of policy tools which can be used in order to overcome some of the real and regulatory challenges faced by developing countries in their efforts to diversify exports in the face of climate...
Many of the Commonwealth's developing countries have established export processing zones (EPZs) as trade policy instruments designed to promote non-traditional exports. Typically, these programmes provide that if a company locates a manufacturing...
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