Table of Contents

  • This book is dedicated to Dr Michael Daniel Ambatchew (1967–2012), who contributed the paper ‘Teacher attrition in Wolaita: The cases of domestic migration of Bolosso Sore and Damot Gale woredas’. He presented this paper at the Sixth Commonwealth Research Symposium on Teacher Mobility, Recruitment and Migration, while working as an adviser to Link Community Development.

  • Migration is both a millennia-old phenomenon and a distinctive feature of our times. For centuries, people have migrated in search of better economic opportunities, to find new challenges and to experience and learn from cultures other than their own. People have also migrated throughout history to escape conflict, environmental stress, natural disasters, and social, political and economic hardship. In the modern era, the ease of transport and communications and the changes in expectations brought about by globalisation mean that the potential and opportunities for international mobility are arguably greater than ever, even in a global environment where immigration controls are stronger than they have ever been. People no longer necessarily feel constrained by their horizons, but understand that they have the potential to work wherever they are needed and where they will be rewarded. We are witnessing too shifts in the patterns of conflict and complex emergencies, from the large-scale international militarised wars of the twentieth century to smaller-scale, intra-national conflicts where civilians have become increasingly targets of violence. Climate change is also predicted to increase the number of migrants escaping environmental stress.

  • The Commonwealth Secretariat and UNESCO-IICBA acknowledge with deep gratitude the authors who have contributed to this publication. The breadth of scope and the depth of detail are testaments to their commitment to improving the profession for teachers and education for children.

  • The Sixth Commonwealth Research Symposium on Teacher Mobility, Recruitment and Migration, organised by the Commonwealth Secretariat and UNESCO-IICBA, took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 8–9 June 2011. The overall objective of the symposium was to share research on issues affecting teacher mobility, recruitment and migration so that policy-makers would be equipped with the latest evidence to guide them. The Sixth Symposium addressed two main thematic areas: first, learning from the implementation of the existing Commonwealth Teacher Recruitment Protocol (CTRP) to help improve future implementation and the development of new protocols by other organisations, including the African Union; and second, the provision of high-quality inclusive education in difficult circumstances, including the role and status of refugee teachers and the issues surrounding forced migration of teachers. The domestic migration of teachers was also touched on.