Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Key Issues for Small States, Least Developed Countries and Vulnerable Economies

image of Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Responding to climate change is a global challenge with significant implications for small developing countries. Debate on how trade policy can mitigate the effects of climate change has so far centred on developed countries and the large emerging economies, especially China, Brazil and India, but what are the implications for small and vulnerable economies (SVEs), least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS)?

These countries are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change but they are least equipped to deal with changes in trade policy. Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development examines the opportunities and multiple large-scale challenges they face in adapting key trade sectors to the impact of climate change, addressing climate change measures, and furthering their own trade capacity and competitiveness in the global market.

This book is the result of a joint project between the Commonwealth Secretariat and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva. It will be of interest to policy-makers and anyone who wants to gain a clear understanding of the implications of climate change on the economies of smaller developing states.




The interface between trade and climate change – both from the perspective of mitigation and adaptation – has entered the international high-level policy arena. The interests and concerns of developed and large emerging economies in this area have received significant attention. However, the prospects and perspectives of smaller developing countries – including small and vulnerable economies, least developed countries and small island developing states – remain obscure. Addressing that gap, this publication provides an analysis of trade and climate change concerns from the broad perspective of the economies of least developed countries, small and vulnerable economies and small island developing states, and goes on to examine a range of relevant sectoral and policy concerns in greater depth.


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