Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Key Issues for Small States, Least Developed Countries and Vulnerable Economies

image of Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Responding to climate change is a global challenge with significant implications for small developing countries. Debate on how trade policy can mitigate the effects of climate change has so far centred on developed countries and the large emerging economies, especially China, Brazil and India, but what are the implications for small and vulnerable economies (SVEs), least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS)?

These countries are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change but they are least equipped to deal with changes in trade policy. Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development examines the opportunities and multiple large-scale challenges they face in adapting key trade sectors to the impact of climate change, addressing climate change measures, and furthering their own trade capacity and competitiveness in the global market.

This book is the result of a joint project between the Commonwealth Secretariat and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva. It will be of interest to policy-makers and anyone who wants to gain a clear understanding of the implications of climate change on the economies of smaller developing states.



Mitigation and adaptation in agriculture, fisheries and forestry

Agriculture currently contributes significantly to the economy of many LDCs, SVEs and SIDS. On average, agriculture contributed about 2 per cent of GDP in developed countries in 2004, 11 per cent in developing countries and an average of 40 per cent in Africa (World Bank, 2007b). Globally, about 85 per cent of rural people derive their livelihoods from agriculture. In Africa, where more than 80 per cent of the population is rural, subsistence agriculture accounts for the livelihoods of about 90 per cent of this population, most of which live below official poverty lines.


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