Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Key Issues for Small States, Least Developed Countries and Vulnerable Economies

image of Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Responding to climate change is a global challenge with significant implications for small developing countries. Debate on how trade policy can mitigate the effects of climate change has so far centred on developed countries and the large emerging economies, especially China, Brazil and India, but what are the implications for small and vulnerable economies (SVEs), least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS)?

These countries are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change but they are least equipped to deal with changes in trade policy. Trade, Climate Change and Sustainable Development examines the opportunities and multiple large-scale challenges they face in adapting key trade sectors to the impact of climate change, addressing climate change measures, and furthering their own trade capacity and competitiveness in the global market.

This book is the result of a joint project between the Commonwealth Secretariat and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva. It will be of interest to policy-makers and anyone who wants to gain a clear understanding of the implications of climate change on the economies of smaller developing states.




There is a growing international consensus that enhanced energy efficiency is the principal means economies have at their disposal to satisfy energy requirements while diminishing unwanted energy-related environmental impacts. Many recent high-level analyses (for example, the World Energy Outlook1 ) have demonstrated there is a very substantial cost-effective potential to improve the energy efficiency of end-use equipment, which if realised would bring large-scale benefits in terms of reduced energyrelated greenhouse gas emissions, lower-cost energy services and lower energy dependence. This potential is particularly important for developing countries with high energy-import bills, be they least developed countries or remotely located small island developing states.


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