International Trade Working Paper

The International Trade Working Paper series promptly documents and disseminates reviews, analytical work and think-pieces to facilitate the exchange of ideas and to stimulate debates and discussions on issues that are of interest to developing countries in general and Commonwealth members in particular. The issues considered in the papers may be evolving in nature, leading to further work and refinement at a later stage.


The World Trade Organization post Nairobi

New Approaches and Architectures

The single undertaking negotiating model, whereby consensus agreement must be reached on all issues on an agenda, has led to a stalemate in the Doha Round negotiations. This has led to some WTO members reaching the conclusion, reflected in paragraph 30 of the 2015 WTO Nairobi Ministerial Declaration, that they ‘do not reaffirm the Doha mandates, as they believe new approaches are necessary to achieve meaningful outcomes in multilateral negotiations.’ This International Trade Working Paper discusses some of these approaches, with particular attention to how these would impact upon small states.


Keywords: single undertaking principle, trade policy, small states, WTO negotiation models, international organisations, WTO, Doha Round negotiations
JEL: F02: International Economics / General / International Economic Order and Integration; F13: International Economics / Trade / Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations; F42: International Economics / Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance / International Policy Coordination and Transmission; F53: International Economics / International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy / International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations; F40: International Economics / Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance / Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General
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