E-Commerce and Digital Trade

A Policy Guide for Least-Developed Countries, Small States and Sub-Saharan Africa

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This policy guide reviews the current regulatory frameworks, legal issues, empirical data, WTO member states proposals, and existing literature on e-commerce and digital trade. It is designed to help policy-makers in capacity-constrained Commonwealth small states, least developed countries, and sub-Saharan African countries to participate effectively in global work on the subject area, including in the context of the WTO work programme on e-commerce.

It also provides an overview of the international support mechanisms that are available to allow e-commerce to stimulate trade and economic performance, through technical assistance, capacity-building, and the facilitation of access to e-commerce by micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, including small producers and suppliers in developing countries, and particularly in least developed countries.




Technology enables firms to enter and even dominate markets with limited investment in inventory and physical capital, thereby reducing sunk costs traditionally associated with market entry.


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