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Universal Periodic Review of Human Rights

Towards Best Practice

image of Universal Periodic Review of Human Rights
The Universal Periodic Review mechanism of the UN Human Rights Council, which came into effect in 2008, has established itself as a mechanism with huge potential and which promotes dialogue and a level playing field for all countries undergoing the review of their human rights record.



Building on the Commonwealth Secretariat’s observations and analysis of the process, and the seminars it has conducted with member states, Universal Periodic Review of Human Rights consolidates the lessons learned so far, speaking equally to the three major stakeholders in the process – to states, to national human rights institutions, and to civil society organisations.



An effective UPR mechanism will enhance the promotion of human rights across the world. It is therefore essential for the key players to understand and advance the UPR process including at the implementation phase.



This publication describes UPR, shares experiences and provides analysis of the Commonwealth countries that reported in the first year of the UPR process.

English

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Introduction to the Universal Periodic Review Process

The now defunct UN Commission on Human Rights examined and monitored human rights concerns on a selective country-by-country basis. The Commission was discredited by its perceived politicisation, which hindered constructive dialogue on human rights issues. In 2006, the Human Rights Council replaced the Com mission and, together with other changes, introduced the new UPR mechanism under Resolution 5 / 1

English

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