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Social Policies in Grenada

image of Social Policies in Grenada
SOCIAL POLICIES IN SMALL STATES SERIES



The country case studies and thematic papers in this series examine social policy issues facing small states and the implications for economic development. They show how, despite their inherent vulnerability, some small states have been successful in improving their social indicators because of the complementary social and economic policies they have implemented.



CASE STUDY – GRENADA



Grenada is a small state that has made impressive initial achievements in economic and human development since independence, especially in education and health. However, continuing unemployment and poverty, the recent erosion of trade preferences, and the changing international donor aid environment have exposed structural weaknesses in its economic model. Patsy Lewis assesses developments in social policy approaches and delivery in the postcolonial period, including the economic strategies pursued and their effects on social policy, particularly in respect of children. She looks at the challenges faced by governments and presents a brief case study of Hurricane Ivan, as an instance for exploring community and national responses, resilience and innovation.

English

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Social Policy Approaches

There are various approaches to reducing marginalisation. They include promoting human capital formation, usually through access to education and health, and implementing measures to ensure that the conditions that lead to exclusion are not reproduced; redistributing income so that resources flow to the poor and vulnerable; and social protection measures to address immediate needs, as well as more structured programmes to provide people with tools to address their own social welfare. This section looks at strategies to support human capital formation and reproduction; measures to redistribute wealth in favour of the most vulnerable; and welfare initiatives, targeted both universally and at vulnerable social groups. It reviews progress in education and health delivery as the main indicators of human capital formation, redistribution in terms of access to land, improvements in labour conditions and fiscal policy.

English

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