Migration and Development

Perspectives from Small States

image of Migration and Development

Over the past two decades, studies on the migration-development nexus often portray small states as one homogeneous group, ‘developing countries’, without considering their critical and peculiar challenges or inherent vulnerabilities, due mainly to their size.

This book explores key dynamics of migration and development in a small states setting. It includes case studies from small states in Africa, Caribbean and the Pacific that will help policy-makers to embrace migration as an inevitable phenomenon and devise policies that will maximise the benefits from migration at a minimal cost.



Samoa and Tonga: Migration and Remittances in the Twenty-first Century

Tonga and Samoa are the two island states in the Pacific most dependent on remittances, and their economies are otherwise primarily agricultural. International migration, mainly to New Zealand, first became significant in the 1960s and subsequent flows have maintained high levels. Both countries have sponsored migration and supported temporary migration schemes, and rarely sought to intervene in what have become the normal and normative processes of migration and remittance receipt. Both Samoa and Tonga have benefitted significantly from the Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) seasonal labour scheme in New Zealand. Remittances have improved welfare and reduced poverty. Increasing the per capita volume of remittances is unlikely but increasing their effectiveness is possible.


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