Gender, Peace and Security

Women's Advocacy and Conflict Resolution

image of Gender, Peace and Security
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 recognises both war’s adverse effects on women and women’s important contributions to peace and security. Yet despite the resolution being passed unanimously over a decade ago, women are still generally underrepresented in formal peace negotiations and to date only 33 countries worldwide – and only 5 in the Commonwealth – have approved National Action Plans (NAPs) to implement the resolution.

Gender, Peace and Security examines women’s role in both conflict and post-conflict reconciliation. It describes how UNSCR 1325 provides support for women in peace-building processes and provides case studies of how it has been implemented in selected countries, including the benefits of NAPs and women’s involvement in their adoption. Essential reading for Ministers and senior officials looking to develop NAPs, or anyone with an interest in the role of women in international affairs.




The recognition that conflict disproportionately affects women is well documented in the conflict and peace-building literature. Given the rise of internal conflicts in particular, women’s non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and concerned governments worked together to place this issue, as well as acknowledgement of the part women play in conflict prevention and as advocates for peace, on the international agenda. The adoption of five UN Security Council resolutions (UNSCRs) dealing with women, peace and security – 1325, 1820, 1888 1889 and 1960 – was an attempt to meet the call for more nuanced understandings of the various ways in which conflicts affect women, to provide greater protection for women in conflict situations and to ensure that women are included in all aspects of peace-building and conflict resolution processes. In addition, the Commonwealth Plan of Action for Gender Equality 2005–2015 (PoA) outlines a variety of closely linked objectives designed to attain gender equality more generally, while one of its four areas of focus is gender, democracy, peace and conflict. Although these resolutions and the PoA are far-reaching in scope, to date their effectiveness is hindered by low implementation.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error