Environmental Assessment Framework: Health

image of Environmental Assessment Framework: Health

Report of a Commonwealth Secretariat Expert Group Meeting, Aberdeen, Scotland – February 1995




An important milestone in the global effort to minimise environmental degradation caused by development was the institution of EA (then called Environmental Impact Assessment, or EIA) as a legally required component of project proposals, in accordance with recommendations made by the first UN Conference on the Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. It was first launched in the United States, concurrent with the establishment of the USEPA. As it is now widely accepted that properly conducted EA contributes to the long-term sustainability of economic development, a continuously growing number of countries, including many in the developing world, are incorporating EA provisions into their planning legislation.


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