Assessing the Structure of Small Welfare States

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This book highlights the advantages and problems of school size, paying particular attention to social, economic and educational issues. It draws on a wide body of literature from both prosperous and less developed countries, and digests it into a readable and readily available form. As well as highlighting the overall issues, it makes practical suggestions on ways to improve costeffectiveness.



The Influence of Openness on the Modus Operandi of a Small Welfare State

As already emphasised, the standard conceptual starting point of the welfare state literature is the closed economy of traditional mainstream economics. Capital and labour stand in contradiction to one another in a social setting whose structural architecture is historically derived from preceding historical transformations in the agricultural sector and the structural shift of employment and output from agriculture towards industry. This economic transformation brought with it a transformation of class structure, with the rise of a large class of blue collar workers, in the context of a wage labour market which commodified the individual and their labour power. The welfare state in its various forms was an attempt to ameliorate various consequences of the unfettered operation of capitalist markets, especially factor markets. Esping- Andersen (1996) identifies two contributions of the welfare state in particular:


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