Assessing the Structure of Small Welfare States

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This book highlights the advantages and problems of school size, paying particular attention to social, economic and educational issues. It draws on a wide body of literature from both prosperous and less developed countries, and digests it into a readable and readily available form. As well as highlighting the overall issues, it makes practical suggestions on ways to improve costeffectiveness.



Classifications of Welfare States

The diversity of possible welfare state combinations in Figure 2.1 renders problematic any unified concept of the welfare state. Marshall (1950), writing in an era of strong policy consensus throughout the Western developed countries in favour of a government commitment to underpinning material living standards and providing citizens with access to education and healthcare as of right, saw the welfare state in terms of social citizenship and inclusion – a natural outgrowth of the democracy and rising living standards that were in turn the fruits of industrialisation.


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