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Marine Renewable Energy

image of Marine Renewable Energy

This fourth volume in the series explores the potential for the development of the blue economy by providing a high-level review of actions needed to progress marine renewable energy generation in SIDS. Renewable energy is a key component of enabling sustainable development through the decarbonisation of economies and is being progressed in nations globally. Whereas onshore technologies (e.g. solar and wind) are achieving commercial success, most marine technologies remain in the early phases of development.

Successful MRE deployment is dependent on critical factors such as available energy resource, indigenous skills (including institutional capacity and skilled labour), supportive policy and effective regulatory frameworks. The recommendations made in this book provide a guide for action, emphasising the need for integration at national level, between sectors and policies, and for co-ordination between targeted local studies and collaborative global action.

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Technology Options for Marine Renewable Energy in Small Island Developing States

There is an increasing diversity of MRE technology options, including offshore wind (including floating turbines), wave energy, tidal stream, tidal range (lagoons and dams), OTEC and salinity gradient technology. Progress towards commercialisation varies widely across technology types, with those in the earlier stages of development (small-scale prototypes or single-device ‘demonstrator’ projects) being more costly and a higher risk investment. This section provides a brief overview of MRE technologies that are currently a focus of development globally and their relevance to SIDS. This is not an exhaustive list and the dynamic nature of the sector and ongoing technological advancement mean that the involvement of SIDS in international groups (e.g. IRENA) is important to enable them to gain knowledge on recent developments, inform such forums on the specific needs and challenges of individual nations and build relationships with industrial partners.

English

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