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Principles for Local Government Legislation

Lessons from the Commonwealth Pacific

image of Principles for Local Government Legislation
Across the Pacific local councils take a variety of different forms, ranging from traditional village structures to fullyfledged municipalities. Whatever form local government takes, an appropriate legislative and regulatory framework is essential to ensure that councils can effectively address the needs of their communities.



This study is designed to help Pacific island countries review and strengthen their existing frameworks. It begins by examining legislation and systems across a range of countries and institutional settings, identifying examples of best practice and areas for improvement. It then presents case studies of three very different legislative frameworks: Fiji, Solomon Islands and Samoa. In the conclusion, the findings are consolidated into ten key principles for effective legislation: fit for purpose; democracy and representation; local empowerment; probity; oversight and support; capacity and sustainability; efficiency, effectiveness and equity; community engagement; intergovernment cooperation; clarity and consistency.



This is an authoritative piece of research that will be extremely valuable to local government practitioners in the Pacific and beyond.

English

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Context

As indicated in section 1.1, this report deals with the nine Commonwealth countries that participate in the CLGF Pacific Project to strengthen local government and governance. Table 2.1 provides an overview of those countries in terms of population numbers and social and economic development – the latter as evidenced by urbanisation, adult literacy and gross domestic product (GDP).

English

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