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Pakistan National and Provincial Assembly Elections, 10 October 2002

image of Pakistan National and Provincial Assembly Elections, 10 October 2002

These Election Reports are the observations, conclusions and recommendations of Commonwealth Observer Groups. The SecretaryGeneral constitutes these observer missions at the request of governments and with the agreement of all significant political parties. At the end of a mission, a report is submitted to the SecretaryGeneral, who makes it available to the government of the country in question, the political parties concerned and to all Commonwealth governments. The report eventually becomes a public document.

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The Constitutional and Legal Framework

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973 provides for a federal structure of parliamentary government for the four provinces – Balochistan, the North-West Frontier Province, the Punjab and Sindh – the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and the Islamabad Capital Territory. When in October 1999 the constitutionally elected government was overthrown by a military coup, the Constitution was suspended by the Proclamation of Emergency of 14 October 1999, read with the Provisional Constitution Order No. 1 of 1999. In May 2000, the Pakistan Supreme Court ruled against a review petition brought before it alleging illegality of the military takeover of the government and by that judgment validated the military regime.

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