Issues in Reproductive Health Law in the Commonwealth

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Responses to Infertility

Artificial means of human reproduction namely artifical insemination, in vitro ("test tube") fertilization (I.V.F.) and surrogate motherhood, have become focal points of ethical commentary and legal proposals particularly since the birth in England in 1978 of Louise Brown, the world's first "test tube" baby. Since then, developments particularly in England and Australia have advanced the relevant technology. These countries may have been able to take initiatives because restrictions on fetal and embryonic medical research in the United States of America, both actual and presumed, arrested developments that specialists in infertility relief were anxious to pursue there.


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