Ghana Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, 7 December 2012

image of Ghana Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, 7 December 2012
The Report of the Commonwealth Observer Group for the Ghana Presidential and Parliamentary elections, held 7 December 2012. The Group was led by HE Dr Pakalitha Mosisili, MP, former Prime Minister of Lesotho, and comprised thirteen eminent persons in total.

The Group found that the elections were credible and highlighted the role of the Electoral Commission. It offered a series of recommendations to help improve some technical aspects of the process and also the environment in which elections occur.



The Electoral Framework and Election Administration

The President of Ghana is elected for a four-year term and can serve a maximum of two terms in office. The President is elected in a single national constituency on the basis of a majority system. In order to be elected in the first round a candidate needs to secure at least 50%-plus-1 of the valid votes cast. If no candidate secures such a majority then the leading two candidates contest a run-off election. In the run-off whichever candidate secures the most votes is the winner.


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