Trade Expansion, Employment and Income Distribution

The literature on international trade in relation to development - even where it has been empirical rather than theoretical - has concentrated on the relationship between exports and growth og GNP, savings gap and investment rations, in accordance with the main parameters of the neo-classical growth model. By contrast, little has been done to analyse export development systematically in relation to parameters which have come to the fore recently, for a reduction of poverty in developing countries, with consequent emphasis on income distribution, employment, technology and rural development. This neglect also applies to the work of international organizations (with the exception of UNCTAD) which have tended to treat employment policies, income distribution policies, technology policies etc. as the internal matters of developing countries.


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