Decentralisation in Commonwealth Africa

Experiences from Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique and Tanzania

image of Decentralisation in Commonwealth Africa
The aim of a well-designed decentralisation programme is to deliver effective services to all citizens and to deepen democracy through active popular participation in local governance. Through detailed case studies of decentralisation policies in five sub-Saharan African countries – Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique and Tanzania – this book examines the challenges presented, lessons learned, and recommends ways to improve policy implementation.

It is clear from the analysis that there is no ‘one size fits all’ design of decentralisation policy. Policy-makers worldwide can use the lessons learnt and good practices presented here to better inform and advance their own decentralisation agenda.



Decentralisation in Tanzania

The purpose of this chapter is to examine the process of decentralisation by devolution in Tanzania. Research for this chapter was based on an analysis of three main types of data. The first data was obtained from the paper on ‘Decentralisation by Devolution in Tanzania’ submitted by the Tanzanian Prime Minister’s Office–Regional Administration and Local Government (PMO–RALG) to the Commonwealth Secretariat for validation. The second was a two-week rapid field survey that was conducted in Tanzania in October 2009 where semi-structured interviews were used to obtain information from key respondents, including senior government officials in key sector ministries, central and local government politicians, and representatives of international development partners. During the field survey, officials of PMO–RALG and the President’s Office–Public Service Management section (POPSM) provided local support. Third, in April 2010, the draft report was reviewed at a stakeholder workshop in Gaborone, Botswana at which government officials were present.


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