Decentralisation in Commonwealth Africa

Experiences from Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique and Tanzania

image of Decentralisation in Commonwealth Africa
The aim of a well-designed decentralisation programme is to deliver effective services to all citizens and to deepen democracy through active popular participation in local governance. Through detailed case studies of decentralisation policies in five sub-Saharan African countries – Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique and Tanzania – this book examines the challenges presented, lessons learned, and recommends ways to improve policy implementation.

It is clear from the analysis that there is no ‘one size fits all’ design of decentralisation policy. Policy-makers worldwide can use the lessons learnt and good practices presented here to better inform and advance their own decentralisation agenda.



Decentralisation in Ghana

This chapter traces the trajectory of decentralisation implementation in Ghana. It covers the circumstances that led to the adoption of decentralisation; the type of decentralisation being pursued; the main area(s) of focus; achievements so far; and the challenges and suggestions for improvement. In writing the chapter, three datacollection methods were adopted: an analysis of the country report submitted by the Ministry of Local Government to the Commonwealth Secretariat in January 2010; a two-week rapid field survey conducted in February 2010 by a consultant hired by the Commonwealth Secretariat to validate the country report; and a regional validation workshop organised in Gaborone, Botswana in April 2010 during which comments were solicited from government institutions on the draft country report. The final draft report was further reviewed by the Ministry of Local Government. This chapter therefore expresses the views of a number of stakeholders who contributed to writing it and does not necessarily reflect those of the government.


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