Where are the Gaps?

HIV and Gender Pre-service Teacher Training Curriculum and Practices in East Africa

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Education, especially girls’ education, is seen as the most effective protection against the HIV epidemic that has severely affected the school systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Effective HIV and AIDS education in schools can be achieved through high quality teaching, along with targeted and specific information about HIV and AIDS as part of a robust curriculum. Effective teacher-preparedness is a must for high quality HIV education in the classroom.

This book examines how the curriculum and practices in pre-service teacher training institutions address issues of HIV and gender equality in three East African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The authors argue that current practices are inadequate to educate future teachers about gender and HIV and do not deal with the issues in enough depth. Their recommendations include making HIV and AIDS education a separate examinable subject, with more teaching materials made available and stronger objectives laid out in the curriculum.

Education policy-makers, teacher trainers and anyone concerned with teacher education will find this a useful and informative book.



The Context

The Human Development Index (HDI) provides a measure of a county’s development on three dimensions: its people living a long and healthy life, being educated and having a decent standard of living. Countries in sub- Saharan Africa, which include East Africa and the countries within it (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and recently added Burundi and Rwanda), rank low on the index. Among the 179 countries for which an HDI is available, Kenya ranks 144, Tanzania 152 and Uganda 156. These countries show high prevalence of HIV and AIDS, although they also show some decline in prevalence since 2001. Nevertheless, the United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) warns that in Uganda, stable HIV trends are occurring alongside an apparent increase in behaviour that favours HIV transmission and a rapidly increasing population, which may increase prevalence levels. National population-based surveys in Tanzania suggest that HIV safe behaviours are declining in some sections of society (UNAIDS, 2008a, p.16).


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