Where are the Gaps?

HIV and Gender Pre-service Teacher Training Curriculum and Practices in East Africa

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Education, especially girls’ education, is seen as the most effective protection against the HIV epidemic that has severely affected the school systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Effective HIV and AIDS education in schools can be achieved through high quality teaching, along with targeted and specific information about HIV and AIDS as part of a robust curriculum. Effective teacher-preparedness is a must for high quality HIV education in the classroom.

This book examines how the curriculum and practices in pre-service teacher training institutions address issues of HIV and gender equality in three East African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The authors argue that current practices are inadequate to educate future teachers about gender and HIV and do not deal with the issues in enough depth. Their recommendations include making HIV and AIDS education a separate examinable subject, with more teaching materials made available and stronger objectives laid out in the curriculum.

Education policy-makers, teacher trainers and anyone concerned with teacher education will find this a useful and informative book.




A general conclusion from this review is that syllabus content, teaching materials and teaching practice in teacher education are inadequate to impact personal beliefs, attitudes and behaviours of future teachers significantly or to prepare them to influence and shape the beliefs, attitudes and behaviours of children and youth in schools about and towards HIV and gender. The syllabus and its implementation in the colleges seem to focus on raising awareness and reviewing trainees’ existing knowledge about modes of transmission and prevention, without going into depth. Perhaps there is an assumption that this awareness will lead to changes in behaviour. That this is an unwarranted assumption is underscored by the recommendations presented below. These emanate from our review and from the suggestions made by tutors and trainees in the colleges in our sample.


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