Where are the Gaps?

HIV and Gender Pre-service Teacher Training Curriculum and Practices in East Africa

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Education, especially girls’ education, is seen as the most effective protection against the HIV epidemic that has severely affected the school systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Effective HIV and AIDS education in schools can be achieved through high quality teaching, along with targeted and specific information about HIV and AIDS as part of a robust curriculum. Effective teacher-preparedness is a must for high quality HIV education in the classroom.

This book examines how the curriculum and practices in pre-service teacher training institutions address issues of HIV and gender equality in three East African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The authors argue that current practices are inadequate to educate future teachers about gender and HIV and do not deal with the issues in enough depth. Their recommendations include making HIV and AIDS education a separate examinable subject, with more teaching materials made available and stronger objectives laid out in the curriculum.

Education policy-makers, teacher trainers and anyone concerned with teacher education will find this a useful and informative book.




HIV and AIDS has emerged as a major threat in many countries to the educational gains achieved over the last decades. The worst affected region is sub-Saharan Africa, and this includes a number of Commonwealth countries. More than 113 million children in the world are estimated to be affected by HIV through loss of one or both parents, increased family res - pon sibilities or through illness themselves. In Zambia and Kenya, for example, it is projected that there will be 2 to 3 million AIDS orphans by 2010. Girls particularly are at risk, with two-thirds of all children currently affected being girls. Girls and women also share disproportionate responsibility of care. However, it is important to note that girls and women are also more adversely affected by HIV in Africa and elsewhere simply because they have a secondary status in society.


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