Primary School Teacher Deployment

A Comparative Study

image of Primary School Teacher Deployment
Ensuring Education for All at the primary school level is not just a matter of recruiting enough teachers: they must be deployed effectively across the education system. Even countries with sufficient total numbers of teachers may have shortages in some areas, or be unsuccessful in recruiting female teachers, with consequences for the participation rate of girls in schools.

Primary School Teacher Deployment presents four detailed studies, from countries with low net educational enrolment levels: Nigeria, Tanzania, Papua New Guinea and Pakistan. The book demonstrates the effects of inequitable teacher deployment, and the attempts to address these problems at the country level.

The contributors make overall recommendations on deployment policies and practices in a number of areas to assist educational planners to achieve Education for All goals, particularly with regard to female teachers, but also dealing with training and recruitment, in-service training, teacher incentives, teacher utilisation, and effective decentralisation.




The study that forms the basis of this book is the outcome of four commissioned reports on primary teacher deployment policies and practices in the Commonwealth countries of Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea and the United Republic of Tanzania. Practices and policies that countries are following in teacher deployment and the effect these have on delivery and children’ access and retention in school are critical factors towards the attainment of universal primary education (UPE) (UNESCO, 2006). Although it is understood that many countries in the Commonwealth are undoubtedly facing the problem of teacher supply, there are also serious challenges of teacher deployment (Commonwealth, 2003). Uneven deployment patterns, with surpluses in certain schools and areas co-existing with shortages in others, exist even in countries where there are sufficient teachers. Factors contributing to these challenges can vary and can include issues pertaining to urban-rural divides, along with other geographic and demographic dynamics. These can include factors such as extreme geographic remoteness, stakeholder influences, local-level versus macro-level targeting, responsiveness to regional deployment practices intricately linked to the overarching issue of decentralisation, and the lack of management and support given at the local administrative level.


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