Exploring the Bias

Gender and Stereotyping in Secondary Schools

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Achieving the Millennium Development Goal to promote gender equality and to empower women is a continuing aim for all developing countries. Education is key to achieving this goal, and it is imperative that gender equality is implemented from the classroom onwards. The challenge for schools is to ensure that they create an ethos that promotes gender equality in all aspects of the classroom and other school activities.

Through seven case studies of secondary schools in India, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Samoa, Seychelles, and Trinidad & Tobago, Exploring the Bias analyses whether schools perpetuate gender stereotypes and investigates how this can be prevented.

By comparing classroom practices in such diverse countries, this book provides insights and recommendations that will be useful for policy-makers and educators worldwide.



The Reproduction of Gendered Inequalities in Nigerian Secondary Schools

Nigeria, on the west coast of Africa, has an area of 923,769 square kilometres. In 2006, its population of 140,003,542 spoke more than 400 languages and belonged to more than 250 ethnic groups (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2007). It has a low Human Development Index ? ranked 158 out of 177 countries (UNDP, 2003) and high ethno-religious and regional tensions. The struggle for economic and political dominance leads to high-profile assassinations, religious intolerance and ethnic clashes at the slightest provocation. This situation, coupled with the political influence of kinship, lack of transparency in government and other factors creates space for corrupt practices and disregard for the rule of law. This in turn paves the way for marginalisation of less powerful groups and individuals.


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