Exploring the Bias

Gender and Stereotyping in Secondary Schools

image of Exploring the Bias
Achieving the Millennium Development Goal to promote gender equality and to empower women is a continuing aim for all developing countries. Education is key to achieving this goal, and it is imperative that gender equality is implemented from the classroom onwards. The challenge for schools is to ensure that they create an ethos that promotes gender equality in all aspects of the classroom and other school activities.

Through seven case studies of secondary schools in India, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Samoa, Seychelles, and Trinidad & Tobago, Exploring the Bias analyses whether schools perpetuate gender stereotypes and investigates how this can be prevented.

By comparing classroom practices in such diverse countries, this book provides insights and recommendations that will be useful for policy-makers and educators worldwide.



Sex or Gender Equity: the Organisation of Schooling in Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago is a twin-island state located at the southern end of the chain of islands in the Caribbean Sea known as the Lesser Antilles. Trinidad experienced Spanish and British colonisation, as well as the influence of French settlers. Tobago was controlled by many different European powers for short periods. In 1899, the British joined both islands into one colony. Trinidad has an ethnically diverse population consisting of the descendants of Africans (39.6 per cent), Indians (40.35 per cent), Chinese (0.4 per cent), Europeans (0.6 per cent) and other groups (0.65 per cent), as well as a significant mixed group (18.4 per cent). In addition, there are many immigrants from other Caribbean countries. Tobago is mainly African in ethnic heritage. Religion reflects this diversity ? in Trinidad, Roman Catholics predominate among the Christian religions and there are significant numbers of Hindus and Muslims of different sects. In Tobago, Protestant denominations predominate, while on both islands there are small groups who practice Afro-centric religions such as the Orisha. In 2006, the combined population was 1.29 million, comprising almost equal numbers of males and females. The distribution by age is shown in Table 3.1, further demographic statistics in Table 3.2 and some economic indicators in Table 3.3.


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