Curriculum Reforms in Secondary Schools

A Commonwealth Survey

Educational Planners have long recognised that the curriculum is one of the key factors in the educational process and that changes in the curriculum constitute an essential step in the achievement of educational objectives. At the Seventh Commonwealth Educational Conference in Accra in 1977, although the need for curriculum reform was recognised, it was suggested that the curriculum situation had not basically altered in many member countries. In order to obtain an accurate picture, a recommendation was therefore adopted that a survey should be undertaken on recent curriculum reforms in secondary level institutions in Commonwealth member countries. This publication presents the results of that survey. It was presented to Ministers and their officials at the Eighth Commonwealth Education Conference in order to assist their discussions on curriculum developments and also to member countries of the Commonwealth in the hope that it will be a valuable link in the chain of Commonwealth educational efforts.

The report is broadly in three sections. The first attempts to identify and describe the trends and changes which have emerged in the last decade or so in curriculum control, planning, design and content. The second section highlights particular initiatives, programmes and projects which member countries have reported and the many problems and issues which have emerged in their development. The third section records specific areas in which co-operation between Commonwealth countries exists and potential areas for future co-operation.