Tools for Mainstreaming Sustainable Development in Small States

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Tools for Mainstreaming Sustainable Development in Small States provides a thorough grounding in bringing sustainable development to the forefront of policy-making.

By taking a cross-departmental approach to national planning, more human and financial resources would be available for policy implementation. This is of particular relevance to small states, as they have limited access to resources and are by nature inherently vulnerable.

The book is divided into four parts. Part one explores how small states can move from the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation (MSI) to devising practical national strategies; part two addresses the need for legislative change; part three tackles the social and environmental aspects of progress with MSI; and finally, part four examines methods for monitoring progress.

Contributors to the chapters range from international academics to economists, providing both a theoretical and practical approach. Through case study examples from small states, this book offers invaluable insights into the complexities of implementing sustainable development.



Mainstreaming of sustainable development in national and sectoral budgets

Since its popularisation in the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) report (1987), sustainable development (SD)1 has come to mean many things to many different people. For example, somewriters have tended, based on their narrowfocus on production parameters, to view SD as a process of achieving a buoyant economy with continued economic growth (Stepanov, 2004; Adesanya, 2004; Runnalls, 2008). Others have tended to focus on the biophysical environment and contend that the major tenet of SD is achieving ecological balance (Taranets and Alyona, 2004). However, the process goes beyondwhat is expressed in these two narrowperspectives, to includewhat humanity and nature require for their coexistence currently and in the future. This last perspective is particularly evident in Our Common Future which states that SD is ‘a process in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development, and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential tomeet human needs and aspirations’ (WCED, 1987:43). Despite the varying definitions, what remains consistent is the need to address interconnected issues, inclusive of environmental degradation, hunger, resource inequality and deprivation, and poverty. These issues remain pivotal to social and economic advancement, and environmental protection. As such, for SD to have any practicalmeaning for the average citizen, it must encapsulate the principles of human development, equity and social justice, pursued within the restraints of life’s support systems on our planet (Kates, et al., 2005).


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