Tools for Mainstreaming Sustainable Development in Small States

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Tools for Mainstreaming Sustainable Development in Small States provides a thorough grounding in bringing sustainable development to the forefront of policy-making.

By taking a cross-departmental approach to national planning, more human and financial resources would be available for policy implementation. This is of particular relevance to small states, as they have limited access to resources and are by nature inherently vulnerable.

The book is divided into four parts. Part one explores how small states can move from the Mauritius Strategy of Implementation (MSI) to devising practical national strategies; part two addresses the need for legislative change; part three tackles the social and environmental aspects of progress with MSI; and finally, part four examines methods for monitoring progress.

Contributors to the chapters range from international academics to economists, providing both a theoretical and practical approach. Through case study examples from small states, this book offers invaluable insights into the complexities of implementing sustainable development.



Applying resource economics to integrate sustainable development principles in SIDS

Though small island developing states (SIDS) are defined in Agenda 21 (Chapter 17) as ecologically fragile and vulnerable entities (measured by the number of natural disasters), whose small size, limited resources, geographic dispersion and isolation frommarkets (measured in terms of transportation costs), place them at a disadvantage economically and prevent economies of scale (mainly linked to domestic population) generally, it is important to note that SIDS are a complex mix of heterogeneous islands and countries (see Encontre, 2004). Furthermore, froma social and economic standpoint SIDS exhibit significant diversity,with some such as Bahrain,Malta and Singapore, beingwell developed,with low HIV/AIDS rates1, crime and incidence of natural disasters, but the reverse situation tends to be present in others such as the Comoros and Guinea Bissau with relatively high crime and HIV rates, and States like the Maldives, Seychelles, and Mauritius that are subject to natural disasters. Comparisons, as seen in Table 8.1, with regards to other socio-economic variables demonstrate wide dispersions amongst SIDS and emphasise the contrasting states and trends in social and economic characteristics as evidence of inherent vulnerability and the performance of some in overcoming these challenges (Briguglio, et al., 2005; Prasad, 2007). At the same time, the threat of global warming is a distinct challenge with the need to reconcile and synergise conservation of SIDS’s environmental and natural resources with their development policies, programmes, and plans in the face of globalisation and profound economic changes.


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