Sustainable Development in Small Island Developing States

Issues and Challenges

image of Sustainable Development in Small Island Developing States
About one fifth of all politically independent countries are small island developing states. For these countries, sustainable development is not a matter of choice, it is imperative.

Highly vulnerable due to their size and isolation, small states have had to pursue development paths that are economically, environmentally and socially sustainable. They also face particularly stark impacts from climate change. This book details experiences and lessons from small island developing states in their efforts to balance environment and development needs, and getting these to work in harmony. Above all the message of this book is that this process still has some way to go, but we have learned valuable lessons that will help to support integrated and participatory planning for sustainable development in the future. In five chapters the expert contributors discuss:

• existing national sustainable development strategies

• Papua New Guinea’s experience in implementing sustainable development

• the significance of ocean and marine resource management

• renewable energy, energy efficiency and conservation technologies

• the threat of climate change

This book seeks to initiate a debate on how to support a new wave of action for sustainable development.



Risk, Consultation and Participation in the Creation of a National Sustainable Development Strategy in Papua New Guinea Albert Nita

Sustainable development is the concept of the pursuit of long-term economic and social growth without reducing the quality of the environment. It is especially relevant to the survival of small states, although difficult to implement, even where it can be adequately defined for operational purposes. The successful outcome of the pursuit of sustainable development in small states requires an analysis of the capacities for action, the constraints and the inherent risks. One approach to achieving sustainable development takes place within government systems, where planning agencies are able to enhance their overall planning, implementation and monitoring roles by creating and implementing an NSDS through consultation and participation. This article examines the consultation and participation experience of Papua New Guinea and analyses the constraints, risks and lessons learned.


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