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Quantifying Aid for Trade

A Case Study of Tanzania

image of Quantifying Aid for Trade

Efforts to boost international trade as a means to foster economic growth, known as Aid for Trade, have become an important issue for both aid donors and recipients. However, significant ambiguity remains regarding what is and what is not Aid for Trade. Given the high profile of the Aid for Trade initiative, to which many donors have specified commitments, the issue is not only technical but also political. Hence, it is important that an effective method is developed to establish a clear border between Aid for Trade and other types of aid. This Economic Paper explains what Aid for Trade is, and how definitions have evolved over time. Using Tanzania as a case study it shows how different definitions lead to different estimates of the amount of Aid for Trade being delivered, and suggests an alternative simple and practical methodology for recipient countries to classify and quantify it.

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Introduction

Aid for Trade has become an important issue for both donors and recipients, particu - larly since the Hong Kong Ministerial Meeting of the WTO in 2005. Donors are pledging support and recipients are anticipating an increase in AfT. Despite attempts to define and measure AfT, there remain significant problems in developing an agreed definition that is both measurable and comparable. AfT typically has several purposes and multiple outcomes, and hence is difficult to classify according to a specific focal area. Consistent reporting based on transparent and comprehensive monitoring is required to give credibility to donors’ AfTpolicies, strategies and pledges. However, competitive pledging by donors and calls for additionality by recipients has led to the politicisation of the figures.

English

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