Liberalising Labour Mobility Under the GATS

image of Liberalising Labour Mobility Under the GATS

Multipleshift systems primarily aim to extend access and minimise unit costs. However, some systems only achieve these goals at the expense of educational quality. Policymakers may be faced by difficult choices in system design.



Why Labour Mobility Matters

Zlotnik (1999) suggests that in both 1965 and 1990 the number of permanent and temporary migrants worldwide was 2.3 per cent of the total population; the share in Western Europe and North America increased sharply over this period from 3.6 percent to 6.1 per cent and from 6 per cent to 8.6 per cent, respectively. In North America this was substantially below the proportion of migrants at the start of the twentieth century. Our own data, which we have manipulated extensively to fill the gaps and achieve balance, and about which we would express extreme caution, suggest that there were around 41 million temporary workers in 1997, 7 million of whom are skilled and 34 million less skilled.


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