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Fairer Fishing?

The Impact on Developing Countries of the European Community Regulation on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fisheries

image of Fairer Fishing?

This Economic Paper considers the likely effects on African, Caribbean and Pacific countries of the European Union’s Directive on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing, planned to be implemented from 2010. It will be difficult for developing countries to meet the requirements of the directive at time when many aspects of globalisation are supportive of IUU fishing. The authors argue that even though measures to combat IUU fishing are welcome, developing countries will require comprehensive technical and financial resources to effectively implement this directive, otherwise a disproportionate burden of global efforts to combat IUU fishing will fall on them.

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GATT/WTO Compatibility Issues

The international trade in fish and fishery products is subject to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and a number of agreements adopted within the framework of the WTO. The GATT requires a substantial reduction of tariffs and other barriers to trade, consistent with its underlying objective of trade liberalisation. It has also adopted legal principles to ensure the conduct of multilateral trade on a non- discriminatory basis. These principles have been reflected in the FAO Code of Conduct for Respon - sible Fisheries, which calls on states to ‘liberalise trade in fish and fishery products and eliminate barriers and distortions to trade such as duties, quotas and non-tariff barriers’.

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