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Fairer Fishing?

The Impact on Developing Countries of the European Community Regulation on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fisheries

image of Fairer Fishing?

This Economic Paper considers the likely effects on African, Caribbean and Pacific countries of the European Union’s Directive on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing, planned to be implemented from 2010. It will be difficult for developing countries to meet the requirements of the directive at time when many aspects of globalisation are supportive of IUU fishing. The authors argue that even though measures to combat IUU fishing are welcome, developing countries will require comprehensive technical and financial resources to effectively implement this directive, otherwise a disproportionate burden of global efforts to combat IUU fishing will fall on them.

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Executive Summary

On 29 September 2008 the Council of the European Union (EU) adopted EC Regula - tion No. 1005/2008 ‘establishing a Community system to prevent, deter and elimi nate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing’ (referred to hereafter as the IUU Regula - tion). The IUU Regulation, scheduled to enter into force on 1 January 2010, is intended to regulate the highly complex multi-channel fisheries supply system of the European Community (EC) in an effort to improve global fisheries’ sustainability. Essentially, the IUU Regulation establishes a system of access conditionality in which access to EC markets will be partly conditioned by the extent to which the country, area or region of origin of the exported fish product is completely free or increasingly free of illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. This measure clearly has trade and developmental impacts for Commonwealth members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group of states. Hence the need for this report. The full terms of reference for the report are set out in Appendix 5.

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