Achieving the Istanbul Programme of Action by 2020

Tracking Progress, Accelerating Transformations

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Achieving the Istanbul Programme of Action by 2020: Tracking Progress, Accelerating Transformations is the second contribution from the LDC IV Monitor – an independent partnership set up to assess the outcome of the Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (UN LDC IV) with a view to accelerating the delivery of the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA).

The volume highlights recent critical achievements and missed opportunities for the LDCs in the context of an unfavourable global economic environment and inadequate delivery of global commitments. Along with this, it focuses on four specific themes: structural transformation and export diversification in the LDCs; prospects of graduation of countries from the LDC group; implications of the 2030 Agenda in view of LDC concerns; and new challenges facing LDCs in their pursuit for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The Monitor’s earlier contributions included a set of two reports tracking the state of implementation of the IPoA - a volume on Analytical Perspectives and a Synthesis Report which captured the broad messages and key recommendations.




Structural Economic Transformation and Export Diversification in the Least Developed Countries

In response to some of the shortcomings of the Brussels Programme of Action (BPoA), the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA) includes a greater number of explicit targets. However, while trade and growth targets feature prominently, those related to structural economic transformation (SET) are rather more implicit than explicit. In order to overcome these shortcomings, Basnett et al. (2013) assigned indicators to the high-level objectives of IPoA related to the achievement of SET. Therefore in addition to monitoring progress vis-à-vis the explicit trade and growth targets of IPoA, this chapter revisits the SET-related targets identified by Basnett et al. (2013).


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