Pollution Control and Waste Management in Developing Countries

image of Pollution Control and Waste Management in Developing Countries
A comprehensive, practical view of environmental management, this book records the experience gained through regional seminars in Africa over several years. It uses real examples to illustrate the points it makes. Subjects covered are: air pollution; coastal and marine pollution; managing domestic, industrial, mining, biomedical, nuclear and radioactive waste; solid waste re-use and recycling; waste water treatment; bioremediation; microbiological assessment and monitoring of pollutants; laboratory waste management; moving hazardous waste between nations; best practice for building a distributed waste network.

The book will be of tremendous benefit to policy-makers, non-governmental organisations, intergovernmental organisations, university and research institutions as well as concerned citizens.



Pollution and Remediation of Polluted Groundwater

In this chapter, the environment and dynamics of groundwater are discussed in relation to polluting substances. The principal pollutants are identified, and an outline is given of the historical development of pollution, in scale and variety. The controls over the vulnerability of ground and groundwater to pollution are evaluated, and the concept of aquifer protection outlined. The commonest pollutants are postulated to be hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Detection of pollution is followed by remediation, and the commoner clean up processes are described. Case histories are introduced. The differences in the nature and scale of pollution in temperate as against semi-arid countries, and in densely populated as against sparsely populated terrain are discussed.


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