Pollution Control and Waste Management in Developing Countries

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A comprehensive, practical view of environmental management, this book records the experience gained through regional seminars in Africa over several years. It uses real examples to illustrate the points it makes. Subjects covered are: air pollution; coastal and marine pollution; managing domestic, industrial, mining, biomedical, nuclear and radioactive waste; solid waste re-use and recycling; waste water treatment; bioremediation; microbiological assessment and monitoring of pollutants; laboratory waste management; moving hazardous waste between nations; best practice for building a distributed waste network.

The book will be of tremendous benefit to policy-makers, non-governmental organisations, intergovernmental organisations, university and research institutions as well as concerned citizens.



Environmental Impacts of Urbanisation

An ever increasing number of people in Developing Countries are living in urban areas. By the new millennium almost half the world's population would be expected to be living in urban areas. Africa would experience the highest urban growth rate: an average of 4.5 per cent between 1995 and 2000 and 4.3 per cent thereafter. Latin America, already urbanised will not have such a large increase. Absolute growth will be in Asia, where cities have been projected to gain by the year 2000. Roughly 60 per cent of the GNP of less developed countries is urban-generated by about one-third of the population. Habitat II Secretariat projects that urban centres may account for as much as 80 per cent of GNP growth by the end of 2000. Despite the growing contributions to the economies of developing countries urban areas are being increasingly neglected and the quality of urban environment is suffering. Institutional structures are in decay. More and more people are living and working in some of the world's most degraded environments where the smells and pollution are unbearable. They lack clean drinking water and rudimentary sanitation facilities.


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