Negotiating at the World Trade Organization

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This resource book highlights strategies for community management and financing. It is written in a style which is easy to follow, and it contains many examples and illustrations. As well as commenting on successful practices, it discusses problems to be avoided.



The Doha Round of Negotiations

With the establishment of WTO at the conclusion of the Uruguay Round, the developing countries found that they would have to adopt the legislative and administrative framework necessary for national level implementation not only of the provisions of GATT and its associate agreement but also of GATS and the Agreement on TRIPS. They also found that they would require time to adjust to the new situation created by their further integration into the multilateral trading system. However, at the first ministerial meeting in Singapore (December 1996), some of the developed countries proposed that a fresh round of negotiations covering new subject areas should be held in the near future. The US proposed the launch of negotiations on transparency on government procurement, while the EU pushed for the inclusion of trade facilitation. The EU also wanted trade and investment and trade and competition policy included in the agenda for negotiations, although the US voiced concern on both these issues. A large number of developing countries mounted strong resistance to the demands. In the end, WTO members agreed to set up working groups to examine whether these subjects could be taken up for negotiations. These four subject areas have come to be known as the ‘Singapore issues’.


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