Negotiating at the World Trade Organization

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This resource book highlights strategies for community management and financing. It is written in a style which is easy to follow, and it contains many examples and illustrations. As well as commenting on successful practices, it discusses problems to be avoided.



Agreement on TRIPS and Public Health

As we have noted in Chapter 1, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) was added to the body of multilateral rules in 1995 when the WTO was established. The inclusion of the Agreement on TRIPS in international trade rules had been a matter of some controversy from the time when initial proposals were made for the adoption of an instrument at the time the Uruguay Round was being launched. A number of countries, mainly the developed ones, considered that with the increasing technological content of products traded internationally, and in order to stimulate and facilitate international trade, it was necessary to develop rules on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights, such as patents, trademarks, copyrights and industrial designs. They also considered the adoption of rules in this area was also necessary to bring under control the growing international trade in counterfeit goods (goods that are marketed using trademarks to which the seller has no right) and pirated goods (goods that infringe copyright and other rights).


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