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Least Developed Country Transition

image of Least Developed Country Transition
The achievement of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) hinges on progress made within the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). As Commonwealth LDCs begin to move out of the category, alternative support measures and new partnerships will be required to assist in a smooth, sustained, transition process.

Least Developed Country Transition focuses on two groups of Commonwealth LDCs: LDCs graduating in the near future and that exhibit the greatest economic vulnerability to a trade shock induced by graduation and loss of accompanying tariff preferences; and those that remain far from graduation but experience severe economic vulnerabilities and susceptibility to extreme environmental shocks. For both groups of Commonwealth LDCs, the objective of the research (based on case study analyses of Bangladesh, Mozambique and Solomon Islands) was to identify areas where international support measures could be improved in order to boost export diversification and therefore reduce economic vulnerability.

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Adapting to Graduation within Global Value Chains: Potential Increases in Trade Costs Associated with the Tuna Industry in the Solomon Islands

This chapter considers the potential impacts of Solomon Islands' graduation from LDC status, with a specific focus on the tuna industry. It explores the tuna global value chain and the position of Solomon Islands within networks of vertically integrated firms. It provides information on the tuna export industry in Solomon Islands and considers the perspectives of the local private sector as well as international buyers and competitors. It further considers the financial implications of LCD graduation and offers mechanisms to cope with lost tariff preferences. It concludes that, as the country shifts away from exports of round logs, it must identify the sectors with the greatest potential to deliver substantial growth, contribute to employment generation and diversify the economy's export base. Tuna offers one such channel through which these goals can be achieved.

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