Forest of the Western Ghats, Karnataka, India

A History of Forest Management

image of Forest of the Western Ghats, Karnataka, India

Forests in India




A century ago, the first National Forest Policy of India (1894) classified the forests as firstly protection forests, required to be preserved for ecological reasons, secondly economic forests for meeting the timber and industrial needs of the country or thirdly forests in and around the villages, to meet the needs of local populations. The Royal Commission on Agriculture (1928) suggested two divisions in the Forest Department; one to manage the first two categories of forests for the country's needs and the second for forests intended to benefit the local villagers.


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